The Resource Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome : memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives, by Eric M. Thienes

Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome : memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives, by Eric M. Thienes

Label
Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome : memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives
Title
Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome
Title remainder
memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives
Statement of responsibility
by Eric M. Thienes
Creator
Contributor
Author
Thesis advisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In this study I examine how fourth-century authors, senators, and emperors used, memorialized, and emulated the emperor Trajan (98117 CE) from the time of Constantine to the Theodosians. More importantly, I prove that the figure of Trajan was selected in order to signal narratives of cultural renewal for the senatorial aristocracy and emperors seeking to establish their cultural identity. Rather than reading Trajan as an artifact of history, this study is about the processes of social memory in the context of space, art, and text through which Trajan is used to tell a story. Trajans career made a substantial impact on Rome, and he was important for fourth-century Romans who wanted to connect the fourth century to the second century indicating the fulfilment of the 2Age of Restoration.3 Therefore, Trajan was an exemplum invoked by elites in order to praise or critique his imperial successors. His monuments were used and copied by emperors in order to project an identity of familial heritage and military distinction. He also served the narrative of Christian authors, who were establishing their history in the fourth century and viewed Trajan as having a reasonable policy towards Christians. This study applies theories of social and public memory and uses them to examine fourth-century Roman society. The first chapter specifies terminology and lays out historical background for Trajan. In the second chapter, I study the use and function of Trajanic monuments and art in Rome as evidence for the perpetuation of Trajans legacy for the capital. Likewise, I demonstrate that the incorporation of Trajan into new art and space established a connection with himthe Arch of Constantine being a prime example. In addition, Trajans Forum was singularly the most important space for commemorating members of the senatorial aristocracy with statues and inscriptions, which unified the new social class. In the third chapter, I survey fourth-century literature, specifically histories (Ammianus Marcellinus, Festus, and Eutropius), biographies (the Historia Augusta, Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus, Julian, and Ausonius), and panegyrics (the Panegyrici Latini, Claudian, and Sidonius Apollinaris) to observe how Roman elites of this period treated Trajan and used the memory of his tradition to form written narratives to praise or critique past and current emperors. In the final chapter, I explore Trajans legacy as it was received by Christian authors seeking to write the history of the church. From the Christian point of view, Trajan was problematic because of his paradoxical response to Christian practice. Eusebius, writing in the fourth century, is the foremost author to establish the canonical historical interpretation of Trajan. Eusebius Trajan is regarded as a virtuous emperor, who decreases Christian persecution across the empire. Subsequent authors, Orosius, Jerome, and Sulpicius Severus, for example, maintain the 2Eusebian version3 of Trajan, setting up Trajan to be an exemplary 2noble pagan.3 By the time of Gregory the Great, tradition arose that Trajan was posthumously baptized by the popes tears and released from Hades. Trajan, an exemplar in his own right, served the needs of later Romans telling their own story
Cataloging source
MUU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1980-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Thienes, Eric M.
Degree
PhD
Dissertation note
Thesis
Dissertation year
2015.
Government publication
government publication of a state province territory dependency etc
Granting institution
University of Missouri--Columbia
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1953-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Trout, Dennis E.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Trajan
  • Collective memory
  • Rome (Empire)
Label
Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome : memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives, by Eric M. Thienes
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "A dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. Dennis Trout
  • Includes vita
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 228-256)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
960971315
Extent
1 online resource (x, 257 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations (some color)
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)960971315
Label
Remembering Trajan in fourth-century Rome : memory and identity in spatial, artistic, and textual narratives, by Eric M. Thienes
Publication
Note
  • "A dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. Dennis Trout
  • Includes vita
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 228-256)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
960971315
Extent
1 online resource (x, 257 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations (some color)
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)960971315

Library Locations

  • Curtis Laws Wilson LibraryBorrow it
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    37.955220 -91.772210
  • Missouri University of Science & Technology Library DepositoryBorrow it
    2908 Lemone Blvd, Columbia, MO, 65201, US
    38.919360 -92.291620
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