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The Resource The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II, translated from French by Siân Reynolds

The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II, translated from French by Siân Reynolds

Label
The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II
Title
The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II
Statement of responsibility
translated from French by Siân Reynolds
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
  • eng
  • fre
  • eng
Member of
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Braudel, Fernand
Dewey number
910/.09/1822
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
LC call number
DE80
LC item number
.B7713 1972
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Human geography
  • Mediterranean Region
  • Historische geografie
  • Middellandse Zee
Label
The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II, translated from French by Siân Reynolds
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Translation of La Méditerranée et le monde méditerranéen à l'époque de Philippe II
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Pt. One : The role of the environment -- The Peninsulas: mountains, plateaux, and plains -- Mountains come first -- Physical and human characteristics -- Defining the mountains -- Mountains, civilizations, and religions -- Mountain freedom -- The mountains' resources: an assessment -- Mountain dwellers in the towns -- Typical cases of mountain dispersion -- Mountain life : the earliest civilization of the Mediterranean? -- Plateaux, hills, and foothills -- The high plains -- A hillside civilization -- The hills -- The plains -- Water problems : malaria -- The improvement of the plains -- The example of Lombardy -- Big landowners and poor peasants -- Short term change in the plains : the Venetian Terraferma -- Long term change : the fortunes of the Roman Campagna -- The strength of the plains : Andalusia -- Transhumance and nomadism -- Transhumance -- Nomadism, an order way of life -- Transchumance in Castile -- Overall comparisons and cartography -- Dromedaries and camels : the Arab and Turk invasions -- Nomadism in the Balkans, Anatolia, and North Africa -- Cycles spanning the centuries -- The heart of the Mediterranean : seas and coasts -- The plains of the sea -- Costal navigation -- The early days of Portuguese discovery -- The narrow seas, home of history -- The Black sea, preserve of Constantinople -- The Archipelago, Venetian and Genoese -- Between Tunisia and Sicily -- The Mediterranean channel -- The Tyrrhenian sea -- The Adriatic -- East and west of Sicily -- Two maritime worlds -- The double lesson of the Turkish and Spanish empires -- Beyond politics -- Mainland coastlines -- The peoples of the sea -- Weaknesses of the maritime regions -- The big cities -- The changing fortunes of maritime regions -- The islands -- Isolated worlds -- Precarious lives -- On the paths of general history -- Emigration from the islands -- Islands that the sea does not surround -- The peninsulas
  • Boundaries : the greater Mediterranean -- A Mediterranean of historical dimensions -- The Sahara, the second face of the Mediterranean -- The Sahara : near and distant boundaries -- Poverty and want -- Nomads who travel far -- Advance and infiltration from the steppe -- The gold and spice caravans -- The oases -- The geographical area of Islam -- Europe and the Mediterranean -- The isthmuses and their north-south passages -- The Russian isthmus : leading to the Black and Caspian Sea -- From the Balkans to Danzig : the Polish isthmus -- The German isthmus : an overall view -- The Alps -- The third character: the many faces of Germany -- From Genoa to Antwerp, and from Venice to Hamburg : the conditions of circulation -- Emigration and balance of trade -- The French isthmus, from Rouen to Marseilles -- Europe and the Mediterranean -- The Atlantic ocean -- Several Atlantics -- The Atlantic learns from the Mediterranean -- The Atlantic destiny in the sixteeth century -- A late decline -- The Mediterranean as a physical unit : climate and history -- The unity of the climate -- The Atlantic and the Sahara -- A homogeneous climate -- Drought : the scourge of the Mediterranean -- The seasons -- The winter standstill -- Shipping at a halt -- Winter : season of peace and plans -- The hardships of winter -- The accelerated rhythm of summer life -- The summer epidemics -- The Mediterranean climate and the East -- Seasonal rhythms and statistics -- Determinism and economic life -- Has the climate changed since the sixteenth century? -- Supplementary note -- The Mediterranean as a human unit : Communications and cities -- Land routes and sea routes -- Vital communications -- Archaic means of transport -- Did land routes increase in importance towards 1600? -- The intrinsic problem of the overland route -- Two sets of evidence from Venice -- Circulation and statistics : the case of Spain -- The double problem in the long term -- Shipping : Tonnages and changing circumstances -- Big ships and little ships in the fifteenth century -- The first victories of the small ships -- In the Atlantic in the sixteenth century -- In the Mediterranean -- Urban functions -- Towns and roads -- A meeting place for different transport routes -- From roads to banking -- Urban cycle and decline -- A very incomplete typology -- Towns, witnesses to the century -- The rise in population -- Hardships old and new : Famine and the wheat problem -- Hardships old and new : epidemics -- The indispensable immigrant
  • Urban political crises -- The privileged banking towns -- Royal and imperial cities -- In favour of capitals -- From permanence to change -- pt. two : Collective destinies and general trends -- Economies : the measure of the century -- Distance, the first enemy -- For letter-writers: the time lost in coming and going -- The dimensions of the sea : some record crossings -- Average speeds -- Letters : a special case -- News, a luxury commodity -- Present-day comparisons -- Empires and distance -- The three missions of Claude du Bourg (1576 and 1577) -- Distance and the economy -- Fairs, the supplementary network of economic life -- Local economies -- The quadrilateral : Genoa, Milan, Venice, and Florence -- How many people? -- A world of 60 or 70 million people -- Mediterranean waste lands -- A population increase of 100 per cent? -- Levels and indices -- Reservations and conclusions -- Confirmations and suggestions -- Some certainties -- Another indicator : migration -- Is it possible to construct a model of the Mediterranean economy? -- Agriculture, the major industry -- An industrial balance sheet -- The putting-out or 'Verlag' system and the rise of urban industry -- The system prospered -- An itinerant labour force -- General and local trends -- The volume of commercial transactions -- The significance and limitations of long distance trade -- Capitalist concentrations -- The total tonnage of Mediterranean shipping -- Overland transport -- The state: the principal entrepreneur of the century -- Precious metals and the monetary economy -- Was one fifth of the population in great poverty? -- A provisional classification -- Food, a poor guide : officially rations were always adequate -- Can our calculations be checked?
  • Economies : precious metals, money, and prices -- The Mediterraneon and the Gold of the Sudan -- The flow of precious metals towards the east Sudanese gold : early history -- The Portuguese in Guinea: gold continues to arrive in the Mediterranean -- The gold trade and the general economic situation -- Sudanese gold in North Africa -- American sliver -- American and Spanish treasure -- American treasure takes the road to Antwerp -- The French detour -- The great route from Barcelona to Genoa and the second cycle of American treasure -- The Mediterranean invaded by Spanish coins -- Italy, the victim of 'la moneda larga' -- The age of the Genoese -- The Piacenza fairs -- The reign of paper -- From the last state bankruptcy under Philip II to the first under Philip III -- The rise in prices -- Contemporary complaints -- Was American treasure responsible? -- Some arguments for and against American responsibility wages -- Income from land -- Banks and inflation -- The 'industrialists' -- States and the price rise -- The dwindling of American treasure -- Devalued currency and false currency -- Three ages of metal -- Economies : trade and transport -- The pepper trade -- Mediterranean revenge : the prosperity of the Red Sea after 1550 -- Routes taken by the Levant trade -- The revival of the Portuguese pepper trade -- Portuguese pepper : deals and projects -- Portuguese pepper is offered to Venice -- The Welser and Fugger contract : 1586-1591 -- The survival of the Levantine spice routes -- Possible explanations -- Equilibrium and crisis in the Mediterranean gain trade -- The cereals -- Some rules of the grain trade -- The grain trade and the shipping routes
  • Ports and countries that exported grain -- Eastern grain -- Equilibrium, crisis, and vicissitudes in the grain trade -- The first crises : northern grain at Lisbon and Seville -- The Turkish wheat boom : 1548-1564 -- Eating home-produced bread : Italy's situation between 1564 and 1590 -- The last crisis : imports from the north after 1500 -- Sicily : still the grain store of the Mediterranean -- On grain cries -- Trade and transport : The sailing ships of the Atlantic -- Before 1550 : the first arrivals -- Basque, Biscayan, and even Galician ships -- The Portuguese -- Normans and Bretons -- Flemish ships -- The first English sailing ships -- The period of prosperity (1511-1534) -- From 1550 to 1573 : the Mediterranean left to Mediterranean ships -- The return of the English in 1572-1573 -- Anglo-Turkish negotiations : 1578-1583 -- The success of English shipping -- The situation at the end of the century -- The arrival of the Hansards and the Dutch -- From grain to spices : The Dutch conquer the Mediterranean -- How the Dutch took Seville after 1570 without firing a shot -- New Christians in the Mediterranean
Control code
535320
Dimensions
24 cm
Edition
1st U.S. ed..
Extent
2 volumes (1375 pages)
Isbn
9780060104528
Isbn Type
(v. 1)
Lccn
72138708
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(WaOLN)356025
Label
The Mediterranean and the mediterranean world in the age of Philip II, translated from French by Siân Reynolds
Publication
Note
Translation of La Méditerranée et le monde méditerranéen à l'époque de Philippe II
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Pt. One : The role of the environment -- The Peninsulas: mountains, plateaux, and plains -- Mountains come first -- Physical and human characteristics -- Defining the mountains -- Mountains, civilizations, and religions -- Mountain freedom -- The mountains' resources: an assessment -- Mountain dwellers in the towns -- Typical cases of mountain dispersion -- Mountain life : the earliest civilization of the Mediterranean? -- Plateaux, hills, and foothills -- The high plains -- A hillside civilization -- The hills -- The plains -- Water problems : malaria -- The improvement of the plains -- The example of Lombardy -- Big landowners and poor peasants -- Short term change in the plains : the Venetian Terraferma -- Long term change : the fortunes of the Roman Campagna -- The strength of the plains : Andalusia -- Transhumance and nomadism -- Transhumance -- Nomadism, an order way of life -- Transchumance in Castile -- Overall comparisons and cartography -- Dromedaries and camels : the Arab and Turk invasions -- Nomadism in the Balkans, Anatolia, and North Africa -- Cycles spanning the centuries -- The heart of the Mediterranean : seas and coasts -- The plains of the sea -- Costal navigation -- The early days of Portuguese discovery -- The narrow seas, home of history -- The Black sea, preserve of Constantinople -- The Archipelago, Venetian and Genoese -- Between Tunisia and Sicily -- The Mediterranean channel -- The Tyrrhenian sea -- The Adriatic -- East and west of Sicily -- Two maritime worlds -- The double lesson of the Turkish and Spanish empires -- Beyond politics -- Mainland coastlines -- The peoples of the sea -- Weaknesses of the maritime regions -- The big cities -- The changing fortunes of maritime regions -- The islands -- Isolated worlds -- Precarious lives -- On the paths of general history -- Emigration from the islands -- Islands that the sea does not surround -- The peninsulas
  • Boundaries : the greater Mediterranean -- A Mediterranean of historical dimensions -- The Sahara, the second face of the Mediterranean -- The Sahara : near and distant boundaries -- Poverty and want -- Nomads who travel far -- Advance and infiltration from the steppe -- The gold and spice caravans -- The oases -- The geographical area of Islam -- Europe and the Mediterranean -- The isthmuses and their north-south passages -- The Russian isthmus : leading to the Black and Caspian Sea -- From the Balkans to Danzig : the Polish isthmus -- The German isthmus : an overall view -- The Alps -- The third character: the many faces of Germany -- From Genoa to Antwerp, and from Venice to Hamburg : the conditions of circulation -- Emigration and balance of trade -- The French isthmus, from Rouen to Marseilles -- Europe and the Mediterranean -- The Atlantic ocean -- Several Atlantics -- The Atlantic learns from the Mediterranean -- The Atlantic destiny in the sixteeth century -- A late decline -- The Mediterranean as a physical unit : climate and history -- The unity of the climate -- The Atlantic and the Sahara -- A homogeneous climate -- Drought : the scourge of the Mediterranean -- The seasons -- The winter standstill -- Shipping at a halt -- Winter : season of peace and plans -- The hardships of winter -- The accelerated rhythm of summer life -- The summer epidemics -- The Mediterranean climate and the East -- Seasonal rhythms and statistics -- Determinism and economic life -- Has the climate changed since the sixteenth century? -- Supplementary note -- The Mediterranean as a human unit : Communications and cities -- Land routes and sea routes -- Vital communications -- Archaic means of transport -- Did land routes increase in importance towards 1600? -- The intrinsic problem of the overland route -- Two sets of evidence from Venice -- Circulation and statistics : the case of Spain -- The double problem in the long term -- Shipping : Tonnages and changing circumstances -- Big ships and little ships in the fifteenth century -- The first victories of the small ships -- In the Atlantic in the sixteenth century -- In the Mediterranean -- Urban functions -- Towns and roads -- A meeting place for different transport routes -- From roads to banking -- Urban cycle and decline -- A very incomplete typology -- Towns, witnesses to the century -- The rise in population -- Hardships old and new : Famine and the wheat problem -- Hardships old and new : epidemics -- The indispensable immigrant
  • Urban political crises -- The privileged banking towns -- Royal and imperial cities -- In favour of capitals -- From permanence to change -- pt. two : Collective destinies and general trends -- Economies : the measure of the century -- Distance, the first enemy -- For letter-writers: the time lost in coming and going -- The dimensions of the sea : some record crossings -- Average speeds -- Letters : a special case -- News, a luxury commodity -- Present-day comparisons -- Empires and distance -- The three missions of Claude du Bourg (1576 and 1577) -- Distance and the economy -- Fairs, the supplementary network of economic life -- Local economies -- The quadrilateral : Genoa, Milan, Venice, and Florence -- How many people? -- A world of 60 or 70 million people -- Mediterranean waste lands -- A population increase of 100 per cent? -- Levels and indices -- Reservations and conclusions -- Confirmations and suggestions -- Some certainties -- Another indicator : migration -- Is it possible to construct a model of the Mediterranean economy? -- Agriculture, the major industry -- An industrial balance sheet -- The putting-out or 'Verlag' system and the rise of urban industry -- The system prospered -- An itinerant labour force -- General and local trends -- The volume of commercial transactions -- The significance and limitations of long distance trade -- Capitalist concentrations -- The total tonnage of Mediterranean shipping -- Overland transport -- The state: the principal entrepreneur of the century -- Precious metals and the monetary economy -- Was one fifth of the population in great poverty? -- A provisional classification -- Food, a poor guide : officially rations were always adequate -- Can our calculations be checked?
  • Economies : precious metals, money, and prices -- The Mediterraneon and the Gold of the Sudan -- The flow of precious metals towards the east Sudanese gold : early history -- The Portuguese in Guinea: gold continues to arrive in the Mediterranean -- The gold trade and the general economic situation -- Sudanese gold in North Africa -- American sliver -- American and Spanish treasure -- American treasure takes the road to Antwerp -- The French detour -- The great route from Barcelona to Genoa and the second cycle of American treasure -- The Mediterranean invaded by Spanish coins -- Italy, the victim of 'la moneda larga' -- The age of the Genoese -- The Piacenza fairs -- The reign of paper -- From the last state bankruptcy under Philip II to the first under Philip III -- The rise in prices -- Contemporary complaints -- Was American treasure responsible? -- Some arguments for and against American responsibility wages -- Income from land -- Banks and inflation -- The 'industrialists' -- States and the price rise -- The dwindling of American treasure -- Devalued currency and false currency -- Three ages of metal -- Economies : trade and transport -- The pepper trade -- Mediterranean revenge : the prosperity of the Red Sea after 1550 -- Routes taken by the Levant trade -- The revival of the Portuguese pepper trade -- Portuguese pepper : deals and projects -- Portuguese pepper is offered to Venice -- The Welser and Fugger contract : 1586-1591 -- The survival of the Levantine spice routes -- Possible explanations -- Equilibrium and crisis in the Mediterranean gain trade -- The cereals -- Some rules of the grain trade -- The grain trade and the shipping routes
  • Ports and countries that exported grain -- Eastern grain -- Equilibrium, crisis, and vicissitudes in the grain trade -- The first crises : northern grain at Lisbon and Seville -- The Turkish wheat boom : 1548-1564 -- Eating home-produced bread : Italy's situation between 1564 and 1590 -- The last crisis : imports from the north after 1500 -- Sicily : still the grain store of the Mediterranean -- On grain cries -- Trade and transport : The sailing ships of the Atlantic -- Before 1550 : the first arrivals -- Basque, Biscayan, and even Galician ships -- The Portuguese -- Normans and Bretons -- Flemish ships -- The first English sailing ships -- The period of prosperity (1511-1534) -- From 1550 to 1573 : the Mediterranean left to Mediterranean ships -- The return of the English in 1572-1573 -- Anglo-Turkish negotiations : 1578-1583 -- The success of English shipping -- The situation at the end of the century -- The arrival of the Hansards and the Dutch -- From grain to spices : The Dutch conquer the Mediterranean -- How the Dutch took Seville after 1570 without firing a shot -- New Christians in the Mediterranean
Control code
535320
Dimensions
24 cm
Edition
1st U.S. ed..
Extent
2 volumes (1375 pages)
Isbn
9780060104528
Isbn Type
(v. 1)
Lccn
72138708
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(WaOLN)356025

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